In Shenzhen, China, there is a village where oil paintings are re-produced from photos by thousands of piece-rate painters. The photos could be pictures of the Mona Lisa by de Vinci or the sun flower by Van Gogh. Or they could be just family portraits.
The original paintings could be worth millions of dollars, but the going rate of a copy of the Mona Lisa or an Andy Warhol’s Marilyn Monroe is just US$100 or much lower.
Meanwhile, in America, living artists whose works command high prices also employ teams of assistants to execute their works (WSJ 6/3/2011).
The only difference is that living artists could personally or remotely supervise their assistants while de Vinci or Van Gogh could no longer do. Living artists could also control the number of copies produced while the Shenzhen oil-painting village could produce any number of copies.
Technically, the paintings re-produced at Shenzhen and the paintings supervised by living artists could be equally competent. But their scarcity values could not be further apart.
While most people would not buy a re-produced Mona Lisa oil painting to impress their friends who know there can only be one copy of the original works, they may buy a knock-off Louis Vuitton hand bag hoping to fool innocent passersby into believing that they are people with substantial means (Economist 4/2/2011).
- Economist. 4/2/2011. “I’ve got you labeled.”
- WSJ. 6/3/2011. “The art assembly line.”
- Youtube.com. May 2011. “ Dafen oil painting village – Shenzhen 2011”.